Modules (also referred to as “task plugins” or “library plugins”) are the ones that do the actual work in ansible, they are what gets executed in each playbook task. But you can also run a single one using the ‘ansible’ command.
Let’s review how we execute three different modules from the command line:
ansible webservers -m service -a "name=httpd state=started" ansible webservers -m ping ansible webservers -m command -a "/sbin/reboot -t now"
Each module supports taking arguments. Nearly all modules take
arguments, space delimited. Some modules take no arguments, and the command/shell modules simply
take the string of the command you want to run.
From playbooks, Ansible modules are executed in a very similar way:
- name: reboot the servers action: command /sbin/reboot -t now
Which can be abbreviated to:
- name: reboot the servers command: /sbin/reboot -t now
Another way to pass arguments to a module is using yaml syntax also called ‘complex args’
- name: restart webserver service: name: httpd state: restarted
All modules technically return JSON format data, though if you are using the command line or playbooks, you don’t really need to know much about that. If you’re writing your own module, you care, and this means you do not have to write modules in any particular language – you get to choose.
Modules strive to be idempotent, meaning they will seek to avoid changes to the system unless a change needs to be made. When using Ansible playbooks, these modules can trigger ‘change events’ in the form of notifying ‘handlers’ to run additional tasks.
Documentation for each module can be accessed from the command line with the ansible-doc tool:
A list of all installed modules is also available:
- Introduction To Ad-Hoc Commands
- Examples of using modules in /usr/bin/ansible
- Examples of using modules with /usr/bin/ansible-playbook
- Developing Modules
- How to write your own modules
- Python API
- Examples of using modules with the Python API
- Mailing List
- Questions? Help? Ideas? Stop by the list on Google Groups
- #ansible IRC chat channel